Wikipedia eklektiline sügavus XVIII
- Castle Bravo was the code name given to the first U.S. test of a dry fuel thermonuclear hydrogen bomb device, detonated on March 1, 1954, at Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, by the United States, as the first test of Operation Castle (a longer series of tests of various devices). Fallout from the detonation — intended to be a secret test — poisoned the islanders who inhabited the test site, as well as the crew of Daigo Fukuryū Maru (“Lucky Dragon No. 5”), a Japanese fishing boat, and created international concern about atmospheric thermonuclear testing.
- Kudzu is a climbing, coiling, and trailing vine native to southern Japan and southeast China. Kudzu was introduced from Japan into the United States in 1876 and is now common throughout most of the southeastern United States. Kudzu has been spreading at the rate of 150,000 acres (61,000 ha) annually.
- Vela Incident was an unidentified “double flash” of light that was detected by an American Vela Hotel satellite on September 22, 1979. Some specialists who examined the data speculated that the double flash, characteristic of a nuclear explosion, may have been the result of a nuclear weapons test: “The conclusions of the Presidential panel were reassuring, as they suggested that the most likely explanation of the Vela detection was a meteoroid hitting the satellite — in part because of the discrepancy in bhangmeter readings. Others who examined the data, including Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the national laboratories, and defense contractors reached a very different conclusion — that the data supported the conclusion that on 22 September 1979, Vela 6911 had detected a nuclear detonation.”
- The Immortality Drive is a small memory device which was taken to the International Space Station and contains digitized DNA sequences of a select group of humans, such as physicist Stephen Hawking, comedian Stephen Colbert, Playboy Playmate Jo Garcia, game designer Richard Garriot, Pro Wrestler Matt Morgan, and athlete Lance Armstrong. The microchip also contains a copy of George’s Secret Key to the Universe, a children’s book authored by Stephen Hawking and his daughter, Lucy.
- Popperian cosmology is Karl Popper’s philosophical theory of reality that includes three interacting worlds, called World 1, World 2 and World 3. Popperian cosmology also includes Karl Popper’s theory of objective epistemology, also known as his theory of falsifiability.
- Zipper is a popular device for temporarily joining two edges of fabric. It is used in clothing, luggage and other bags, sporting goods, and other daily use items. The zipper was the product of a series of incremental improvements over more than twenty years, by inventors and engineers associated with a sequence of companies that were the progenitors of Talon, Inc. This process began with a version called the “clasp locker”, invented by Whitcomb L. Judson of Chicago, and for which a patent was first applied on Nov. 7, 1891.
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